Depression is a mental disorder that makes people experience loss of interest or pleasure, low self-worth, low energy, poor concentration, and feelings of guilt. Oftentimes, people confuse depression with feelings of sadness and unhappiness which occur to everyone at one point or the other. People experiencing depression tend to have intense emotions of hopelessness, anxiety, negativity, and helplessness. These feelings stay with them for much longer times thus aggravating the situation.
Depression can affect anyone even the successful and famous people who have everything going on well for them. Some people suffer depression once and never again while to some it tends to recur.
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
Depression shares a number of signs and symptoms with other conditions, however, below are some of those that are commonly associated with the mental disorder.
- Loss of energy and tiredness
- Persistent sadness
- Loss of self-esteem and confidence
- Poor concentration
- Loss of meaning in things that are interesting and pleasurable
- Feelings of anxiety
- Avoiding people even family and close friends
- Loss of appetite
- Helplessness and hopelessness
- Suicidal thoughts and self-harm
What Causes Depression
Depression may happen all of a sudden due to physical illnesses or childhood experiences as well as other issues such as unemployment, family problems, bereavement, and other life changing events. Chronic illnesses such as cardiac diseases, cancer, back pains, pituitary damage among others can also cause depression. At times, identifying the cause of depression may not be easy because at times the reason is not clear.
The Various Types of Depression
Below are some of the various forms of depression that commonly affect people and have been categorized by medics.
Mild Depression –
This type of depression has a limited effect on your day to day life. You may experience difficulties in concentrating at work or even in motivating yourself to do some of the things which you normally enjoy.
Major Depression –
This depression interferes with your daily life. It may affect your sleeping, eating, and other every day activities. Some people experience a single episode of major depression while others experience recurring episodes throughput their lifetime. This form of depression can lead to hospitalization.
Bipolar Disorder –
This is commonly characterized by mood swings which can be extreme. On one end, the person may feel indestructible and elated while on the other they may experience desperation and suicidal feelings. Bipolar disorder symptoms can be very severe to the extent that the affected people lose sense of their world and start doing things that are odd and illogical.
Other types of depression include postpartum depression which is also called “baby blues” and seasonal affective disorder which is commonly associated with the beginning of winter and may last until spring.
Getting Help with Depression
Counseling, psychotherapy work, and talking therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy can help you with depression. Counseling gives you a chance with a specialist to talk out the everyday issues in a bid to help eliminate depressive factors. Cognitive therapy addresses your thought patterns and teaches you to identify and reverse negative thoughts. The general practitioner may also recommend antidepressants and other medication particularly in instances where your depression is mild.