Preventing Suicide through Treatment of Depression

Screenshot 2016-06-25 at 6.44.09 PMInasmuch as data shows that most people suffering from depression never kill themselves, when left untreated, depression can enhance chances of possible suicide. Depressed individuals can harbor suicidal thoughts whether or not they intend to turn these thoughts into action. When severely depressed, people lack sufficient energy to harm themselves, but when their depression lifts, chances of them attempting suicide are high because of the regained energy.

The good news is that depression and its related symptoms can respond to proper treatment and where early intervention is sought, the depressive illness can be nipped in the bud. Any concerns of suicidal risk should be taken seriously and a qualified professional should be notified to help evaluate the condition.

Statistics on Depression and Suicide

It is estimated that close to 15% of clinically depressed people commit suicide.

In 1997, suicide was recognized as the eighth leading cause of death in the U.S. Slightly over 30,500 people died through suicide in that year alone.

In 1996, the number of suicide attempts was estimated at 500,000.

Research also reveals that for every 8 to 25 attempted suicides, there is one completion. The ratio of attempted suicide is higher in youth and women while lower in men and the elderly.

In light of the above grave statistics, treatment should be prioritized in depressed individuals as a way to curb both attempted and successful suicides. The point at which you should seek treatment for depression is when you notice that your depression case is preventing you from living the life you desire.

Exploring Depression Treatment Options

Unlike other medical conditions, depression doesn’t affect two people in the exact same way. What this means is that treatment needs to be customized because there is no one-size-fits-all. The medical practitioner first of all examines you to learn as much as he possibly can about your depression case and whether your symptoms are rooted in an underlying medical condition. Where this is the case, the underlying condition is prioritized in treatment. The severity of your depression is also an important factor and the more severe the condition is, the more intensive the treatment ought to be.

Finding the right treatment may take quite some time with instances of trial and error. Treatment is most often than not a multipronged approach which doesn’t just rely on medication, but also other treatments such as exercise and therapy. Among the other non-medical treatments for depression include:

Social Support – This is not necessarily a treatment, but cultivating positive social connections can protect you from sliding into depression. Family members and friends are the first line of defense in this.

Good Nutrition Eating well is critical not only to your physical, but also mental health. Having a balanced diet can boost your energy and minimize mood swings. Sugar crashes can drain and push you towards depression.

Stress Reduction Excessive amounts of stress can exacerbate depression and increase your risk for future depression. To stop this, initiate changes in your life that help you to identify, manage, and reduce stress.

Therapy for Depression Treatment

Where the underlying cause for your depression symptoms is not medical, you need to find a mental health specialist for further examination. There are various types of therapy you can undergo depending on the areas being addressed. There is psychotherapy which is an effective treatment that gives you skill and insight on how to identify and prevent depression in future. There is also cognitive behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and interpersonal therapy. For the best results, medical practitioners combine one or two approaches in addressing depression conditions.

Remember it is possible to pull through depression and live a normal life again.

Relationship between Mental Illness and Suicidal Behavior

In Crisis?

The risk of suicidal behavior can be precipitated by a number of factors one of which is mental disorders. Lots of researches have been done to analyze the relationship between mental illness and suicide. Most of these studies have reviewed positive correlations between the two variables hence the need to look at some of these mental disorders and how they enhance the risk of developing suicidal thoughts.

Suicide and Depression

According to the World Health Organization, there are currently over 121 million people who are suffering from various levels of depression. Research projections indicate that depression will take over as the second most cause of disability after cardiac illnesses by the year 2020. Compared to men, women are highly likely to be diagnosed with depression. Given the high prevalence of suicide cases and the high rates of depression among those who commit suicide, it becomes imperative for those who suffer depression to seek comprehensive treatment that addresses both suicidality and depression.

Suicide and Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness which is second in ranking to unipolar depression as one of the major causes of worldwide disability. Men and women are affected equally and the suicide risks in bipolar disorder patients are 15 times that of the general public. Work, family, study, and emotional pressures are among the greatest contributors to suicide in bipolar disorder patients. However, the good news is, these patients can be treated and return to normal functioning.

Suicide and Schizophrenia

Over 24 million people globally are suffering from schizophrenia with the ratios between men and women being equal. People with schizophrenia have a 4 to 10% risk of committing suicide and a 40% risk of suicide attempts. According to a World Health Organization study, schizophrenia was found to be the most common cause of death. In order to prevent suicidal cases among schizophrenics, there needs to be dedicated training not only in risk assessment, but also in management of the problem. Societal support and care is important if this group of people is to recover and assume normal life.

Bulimia Nervosa and Anorexia Nervosa

Of all mental illnesses, eating disorders have been found to have the highest mortality rates. Suicide, deaths, as well as deaths resulting from eating disorder complications have been on the rise in this group of people. Inpatients are the most affected while outpatients still record low suicidal numbers. Bulimic individuals who also have co-morbid alcohol abuse tend to have the highest suicidal attempts rates. Studies have identified that patients who suffer from eating disorders usually have a host of other related problems including depression, anxiety, drug and substance abuse, as well as fearfulness. More intensive research is required as well as clinical best practice guidelines to help address eating disorders.

Suicide and Self-Mutilation

Particularly among young people, self-mutilation has emerged as an area of concern with at least one in a thousand people being vulnerable. Self-mutilation can take many different forms including biting oneself, burning one’s skin or scratching it hard, banging one’s head, pulling and cutting hair, as well as amputation. Inasmuch as self-mutilation and suicide are two different problems, research has pointed out that people with mental illnesses are more likely to undergo self-mutilation. Also, self-mutilation is a precursor to suicidal behavior. Close to 50% of those who kill themselves have a history of self-harm.

Substance Abuse and Suicide

Alcohol has been indicated by international health researchers as the most widely abused substances globally. In 2003, the World Health Organization gave an estimate of about 5 million people who illicitly inject drugs. Young adults were isolated as a susceptible group when it comes to the risk factors associated with substance abuse that lead to suicide. Depression and alcohol abuse are also co-existing factors that lead to suicidal behavior. Depression levels in people who abuse alcohol are high and this makes them to act on impulse.

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